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环境学院张炳教授团队论文被环境经济学领域顶级期刊JEEM接收

       近日,南京大学环境学院2016级博士生刘梦迪、张炳教授与美国环保署国家环境经济研究中心Ronald Shadbegian合作撰写的论文“Does Environmental Regulation Affect Labor Demand in China? Evidence from the Textile Printing and Dyeing Industry”被环境经济学领域顶级期刊Journal of Environmental Economics and Management(JEEM)接收。
       Journal of Environmental Economics and Management是环境经济学领域公认的顶级经济学期刊,致力于刊载经济体系与环境和自然资源系统之间关系的理论和经验研究论文。
       该研究针对江苏省太湖地区纺织印染行业废水提标政策,运用两大企业级别微观数据(环境统计数据和工业企业数据),构建双重差分模型,分析环境规制对企业劳动力需求的影响。研究表明,江苏太湖纺织印染行业废水提标使企业化学需氧量排放量下降22%,污水处理设施数量增加14%,污水处理设施处理能力提升63%。更重要的,研究发现提标使企业劳动力需求下降约7%。研究进一步发现影响具有异质性,提标对内资企业(7.4%)和印染类企业(12.5%)劳动力需求的影响较大,而对国有企业和外资企业劳动力需求没有显著影响。随着中国环境规制日趋严格,该研究结果为中国环境政策的成本收益分析提供了科学参考。
       论文摘要:Developing countries, including China, are just beginning to figure out how to balance economic development with the desire to address numerous severe environmental problems. In this paper, we use two enterprise-level data sets – China’s Environmental Statistics Database and China's Industrial Enterprise Database – to estimate the impact of a more stringent wastewater discharge standard imposed on all the textile printing and dyeing enterprises in the Lake Tai, Jiangsu region, on labor demand. We find that enterprises which face this new more stringent standard decreased labor demand by approximately 7%. Furthermore, we find that the new standard had heterogeneous impacts on different types of enterprises. For example, our results indicate that the more stringent discharge standard reduced employment in domestically-owned private enterprises by 7.4%, but had little or no impact on state-owned or foreign-owned enterprises.

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